Three Years on Rikers Without Trial | The New Yorker
Kalief Browder spent more than a thousand days confined on Rikers Island. In the early hours of Saturday, May 15,ten days before his seventeenth birthday, Kalief Browder and a friend were returning home from a party in the Belmont section of the Bronx. As they passed East th Street, Browder saw a police car driving toward them.
More squad cars arrived, and soon Browder and new slot games 2014 friend found themselves squinting in the glare of a police spotlight. An officer said that a man had just reported that they had robbed him.
The officers searched him and his friend read more found nothing. As New slot games 2014 recalls, one of the officers walked back new slot games 2014 his car, where the alleged victim was, and returned with a new story: The police handcuffed the teens and pressed them into the back of a squad car.
Most likely you can go home. At the Forty-eighth Precinct, the pair were fingerprinted and locked in a holding cell. A few hours later, when an officer opened the door, Browder new slot games 2014 up: Browder had already had a few run-ins with the police, including an incident eight months earlier, when an officer reported seeing him take a delivery truck for a joyride and crash into a parked car.
Browder was charged with grand larceny. He told me that his friends drove the truck and that he had only watched, but he figured that he had no defense, and so he pleaded guilty. Late on Saturday, seventeen hours bonus 200 the police picked Browder up, an officer and a new slot games 2014 interrogated him, and he again maintained his innocence. The next day, he was led into a courtroom, where he learned that he had been charged with robbery, grand larceny, and assault.
The judge released his new slot games 2014, permitting him to remain free while the case moved through the courts. But, because Browder was still on probation, the judge ordered him to be held and set bail at three thousand dollars.
The amount was out of new slot games 2014 for his family, and soon Browder found himself aboard a Department of Correction bus.
He fought back panic, he told me later. Staring through the grating on the bus window, he watched the Bronx disappear. Soon, there was water on either side as the bus made its way across a long, narrow bridge to Rikers Island. Male adolescents are confined in the Robert N.
Davoren Center—known as R. When Browder arrived, the jail held some six hundred boys, aged sixteen to eighteen. Conditions there are notoriously grim. In August of this year, a report by the U.
The report featured a list of click the following article injuries: But Browder had entered the legal system through the Bronx criminal courts, which are chronically overwhelmed. One reason is budgetary.
The problem is compounded by defense attorneys who drag out cases to improve their odds of winning, judges who permit endless adjournments, prosecutors who are perpetually unprepared. For as new slot games 2014 as Browder could remember, he had lived in the same place, a two-story brick house near the Bronx Zoo. He was the youngest of seven siblings; except for http://softwaresavvysub.info/online-roulette-gambling-system.php oldest two, all the children were adopted, and the mother fostered other new slot games 2014 as well.
As a child, Browder loved Pokemon, the W. When Browder was ten, their father, who worked as a subway cleaner, moved out, though he continued to help support the family. For high school, Browder went to the small, progressive New Day Academy. He was assigned to a dorm where about fifty teen-age boys slept in an open room, each with a plastic bucket to store his possessions in. He thought this was a joke until he new slot games 2014 other inmates scrubbing their clothes by hand, using their bucket and jailhouse soap.
After he did the same and hung his wet clothes on new slot games 2014 rail of his bed, new slot games 2014 wound up with brown rust stains on his white T-shirt, his socks, and his boxers.
In the visiting room, he would hand her his dirty clothes and get a stack of freshly laundered clothes in return. She also put money in a jail commissary account for him, so he could buy snacks. To survive inside R. Browder told me that, one night soon after he arrived, a group of guards lined him and several other inmates up against a wall, trying to figure out who had been responsible for an earlier fight.
Afterward, the officers gave the teens a choice: But they made it clear that, if the inmates went to the clinic and told the medical staff what had happened, they would write up charges against them, and get them sent to solitary confinement. But the recent U. On the morning of July 28,Browder was awakened at around half new slot games 2014 four.
He was handcuffed таких vegas solitaire online gambling Едва another inmate and herded onto a bus with a group of other prisoners. At the Bronx County Hall of Justice, they spent the day in a basement holding pen, each waiting for his chance to see a judge. Seventy-four days had passed since his arrest.
Already he had missed his seventeenth birthday, the end of his sophomore year, and half the summer. A grand jury had voted to indict Browder.
The criminal complaint alleged that he and his friend had robbed a Mexican immigrant named Roberto Bautista—pursuing him, pushing him against a fence, and taking his backpack. Bautista newest online casinos july the police that his backpack contained a credit card, a debit card, a digital camera, an iPod Touch, and seven hundred dollars.
New slot games 2014 was also accused of punching Bautista in the new slot games 2014. An officer escorted him out of the courtroom and back downstairs to return to Rikers. It no longer mattered whether his new slot games 2014 could find the money to bail him out. With each day he spent in jail, Browder imagined that he was getting closer to trial.
Many states have so-called speedy-trial laws, which require trials to start within a certain time frame. In practice, however, this time limit is subject to technicalities.
The clock stops for many reasons—for example, when defense attorneys submit motions before trial—so that the amount of time that is officially held to have elapsed can be wildly different from the amount of time that really has. Inseventy-four per cent of felony cases in the Bronx were older than six months. In order for a trial to start, both the defense attorney and the prosecutor have to declare that new slot games 2014 are ready; the http://softwaresavvysub.info/online-casino-bonus-bez-nutnosti-vkladu.php clerk then searches for a trial judge who is free and transfers the case, and jury selection can begin.
We are requesting one week. An index card in the court new slot games 2014 explains: People not ready, request 1 week. People not ready, request 1 day. People not ready, prosecutor on trial, request 2 weeks. Prosecutor on new slot games 2014, request January 3rd. Meanwhile, Browder remained on Rikers, where six weeks still felt like six weeks—and often much longer.
Like many defendants with court-appointed lawyers, Browder thought his attorney was not doing enough to help him. To avoid this trek, new slot games 2014 lawyers set up video conferences at the Bronx courthouse with their clients who are in jail.
Court papers suggest a lawyer in a hurry: When I met him, earlier this year, he was eating a hamburger and drinking coffee at a diner in Brooklyn new slot games 2014 an appearance at a courthouse there. He was about to take the subway back to the Bronx, and his briefcase was bulging with papers. But, with so many one-week requests that had turned into six-week delays, Browder had casino paypal online nj to reach the six-month mark.
For a defendant who is in jail, the more a case drags on the greater the pressure to give up and plead guilty. By earlyprosecutors had offered Browder a deal—three and a half years in prison in exchange for a guilty plea. He had no idea how rare trials actually are. Inin the Bronx, only a hundred and sixty-five felony cases went to trial; in three thousand nine hundred and ninety-one cases, the defendant pleaded guilty.
Not long after arriving on Rikers, Browder made his first this web page to solitary confinement.
It lasted about two weeks, he recalls, and followed a scuffle with another inmate. He swung on me, new slot games 2014 we started fighting. Between and mid, the total number of solitary-confinement beds on Rikers increased by more than sixty per cent, and a report last fall found that nearly twenty-seven per cent of the adolescent inmates were in solitary. Nobody could handle that.
For Browder, this was the first of several trips to the Bing. Summer is the worst time of year to be stuck new slot games 2014 the Bing, since the cells lack air-conditioning. In the hope of feeling a breeze, Browder would sleep with the window open, only to be awakened at 5 a. He would spend all online gambling regulation smelling his own sweat and counting the hours until his next shower.
He thought about the places he would have been visiting if he were not spending the summer in new slot games 2014 One day, when he called home to talk to his mother—he was allowed one six-minute call a day while in solitary—he could make out the familiar jingle of an ice-cream truck in the background. Near the end ofBrowder returned to the Bing; he was there for about ten months, through the summer of He recalls that he got sent there initially after another fight.
Once an inmate is in solitary, further minor infractions can extend new slot games 2014 stay.
When Browder first went to Rikers, his brother had advised him to get himself sent to solitary whenever he felt at risk from other inmates. Even in solitary, however, violence was a threat. Verbal spats with officers could escalate. That was his way of handling it. For one thing, he says, Browder was losing weight.
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Jennifer Gonnerman on Kalief Browder, a Bronx teen-ager who was accused of stealing a backpack. He spent over a thousand days awaiting trial.